Male fertility depends on sperm quality and
quantity, which can be affected by a variety of
factors. Men may not be able to control
everything that could improve their fertility, but
there are steps that can be taken to maximize
fertility and help ensure their sperm are top
-Limit alcohol and don’t smoke. Drinking
alcohol, smoking cigarettes and chewing
tobacco may decrease sperm count as well
as sperm movement 먹튀검증.
-Eat a healthy diet, including lots of fruits
and vegetables. These foods are rich in
antioxidants, which may help improve
sperm health. A balanced diet helps to avoid
-Reduce stress. Stress might interfere with
certain hormones needed to produce sperm.
Stress can also decrease sexual function.
-Get regular exercise. Physical activity is
good for reproductive health as well as
overall health. However, men who exercise
to exhaustion show a temporary change in
hormone levels and a drop in sperm quality.
-Be weight conscious. Too much or too little
body fat may disrupt production of
reproductive hormones, which can reduce
sperm count and increase the percentage of
abnormal sperm. Men at a healthy weight
are most likely to produce lots of highquality sperm.
How to get pregnant
Sure, some couples seem to get pregnant simply
by talking about it. For others, it takes plenty of
patience and a bit of good fortune. If you’re
wondering how to give yourself the best chance
of becoming pregnant, here’s what you need to
Conception is based on an intricate series of
events. Every month, hormones from your
pituitary gland stimulate your ovaries to release
an egg (ovulate). For most women, ovulation
occurs within four days of the midpoint of a
menstrual cycle. Once the egg is released, it
travels to the fallopian tube to encounter any
sperm that may be present.
Your fertile period is the period of time when
egg and sperm are most likely to meet. This
window of opportunity is governed by two
-The life span of sperm inside the woman’s
reproductive tract (no more than five days)
-The life span of the egg (24 hours)
Your best chance of becoming pregnant is to
have intercourse one or two days preceding
ovulation. But how can you tell when you’re
The simplest and most effective solution is to
have frequent intercourse. If you consistently
have sex every two to three days, you’re likely to
hit a fertile period at some point. But if you’d like
to know more precisely when your fertile period
is, there are ways to do this.
When you’re most fertile Following are some
simple measures you can take that may help you
predict your fertile period, including the five
days leading up to ovulation and the 24 hours
following it. You can use these methods
separately or together. For example, some
women find that combining the first three
methods - tracking cycle days, changes in
cervical mucus and basal body temperature -
gives them a better prediction of their fertile
Calendar tracking Use an app, your day
planner or another simple calendar to track your
cycle each month. Mark the first day of
menstrual bleeding (not spotting) as Day 1, and
also note the number of days each period lasts.
The last day of your cycle is the day before your
After tracking your menstrual cycles for
several months, once you know your average
cycle length, you can get a general idea of when
you’re most likely to ovulate. The phase of your
cycle that follows ovulation (the luteal phase) is
generally fixed at 14 days. So if your cycle is 30
days long, you’ll likely ovulate on day 16 (30 days
- 14 days = day 16).
Using this example, your fertile window would
fall between days 12 and 17. If you have sex every
two days during this period, you’re likely to have
sperm ready and waiting when ovulation occurs,
giving you the best chance of conception.
If your cycles are routinely shorter than 23
days or longer than 34 days, this may be an
indication that you’re not ovulating. Let your
care provider know, as you may benefit from
-Pros. Calendar calculations can be handled
by an app or done simply on any calendar.
-Cons. Many factors may affect the exact
timing of ovulation, including illness and
exercise. Counting days is often inaccurate,
especially for women who have irregular
Cervical mucus changes Just before
ovulation, you might notice an increase in clear,
slippery vaginal secretions, if you look for it.
These secretions typically resemble raw egg
whites. After ovulation, when the odds of
becoming pregnant are slim, the discharge will
become cloudy and thicker or will disappear
-Pros. Vaginal secretions resembling egg
whites are often an accurate sign of
impending fertility. Simple observation is all
-Cons. Judging the texture or appearance of
vaginal secretions can be fairly subjective.
Body temperature Your basal body
temperature is your body’s temperature when
you’re fully at rest. Ovulation causes a slight
i ncrease in basal temperature - typically less
than one degree. You should be most fertile
during the two to three days before your
temperature rises. Your basal body temperature
then remains higher after ovulation until just
before your next period.
Use a digital thermometer to monitor your
basal body temperature. Some are specifically
designed for this. Take your temperature every
morning before you get out of bed. Record the
readings and look for a pattern to emerge. Go
high-tech or low - recording in an app or on
paper both work.
Remember, by the time you see a change in
temperature, ovulation will likely have already
occurred. But by tracking your temperature each
day for a few months, you may be better able to
predict the days before you ovulate, when odds
for conception are best.
-Pros. It’s simple, and the only cost is the
thermometer. It can be helpful in
determining when you’ve ovulated and
identifying if the timing is consistent from
month to month.
-Cons. The temperature change can be
subtle, and the increase comes after
ovulation has already happened - too late
for conception. Your temperature may also
be affected by a fever, alcohol use or too
little sleep. It can be inconvenient to take
your temperature every morning, especially
if you have irregular sleeping hours.
An ovulation predictor kit Over-the-counter
ovulation kits test your urine for the surge in
hormones that takes place before ovulation. For
the most accurate results, follow the label
instructions on how to perform the test.
-Pros. Ovulation kits can identify the most
likely time of ovulation. These kits are
available without a prescription in most
-Cons. Timing sex too precisely around
predicted ovulation can invite being too late.
For some women, the cost of ovulation kits
If you’re having trouble If you’re in your
early 30s or younger, you have regular periods
every 23 to 34 days, and you and your partner
are in good health, try to conceive on your own
for a year before consulting a doctor.
If you’re age 35 to 39, it’s recommended that
you seek help if after six months of trying you
haven’t been successful, in order to avoid further
If you’re age 40 or older, or you or your
partner know or suspect that fertility issues may
be a problem in your efforts to conceive a child,
your doctor may want to begin testing or
treatment right away.
Infertility affects men and women equally -
and treatment is available. Depending on the
source of the problem, your gynecologist, your
partner’s urologist or your family doctor may be
able to help identify the problem and suggest
treatment. In some cases, a fertility specialist
may offer the best hope.